These are quite confusing expressions and are ones that most of my students get wrong. So here is a clear explanation:
1. Used to + V This is what we use to talk about things we did regularly in the past that we don't do anymore.
I used to smoke. (Do I smoke now? No. Did I smoke in the past? Yes.)
He used to be a teacher. (Is he a teacher now? No.)
Did you use to go to school in London?
I didn't use to eat so much chocolate. (Did i eat a lot of chocolate in the past? No. Do I eat a lot of chocolate now? Yes.)
Note that the infinitive use is used in the question and negative, but the pronunciation is exactly the same for use to as for used to.
2. Be used to + Ving
We use this to talk about something that we are accustomed to, something that we do now but was difficult to do at first, or something that may seem difficult but is ok for us because we do it all the time.
I'm used to speaking French every day. (At the beginning it was a little difficult but now it's ok.)
I'm used to not seeing my family every week. (I don't see my family often, it's not easy, but now it's normal for me)
*Note for French speakers: DO NOT translate this as <<j'ai l'habitude de faire...>> For that, we use usually.
J'ai l'habitude d'aller au fitness tous les jours = I usually go to the gym every day. (NOT I am used to going to the gym every day.)
3. Get used to + Ving
This is what we use to talk about something that we are now used to doing, but we had to grow accustomed to it.
When I came to France, I had to get used to driving on the right. Now I'm used to it.
My husband grew a beard. It took a while to get used to it, but now I like it.
Answer these questions about yourself:
What did you use to do when you were young that you don't do anymore?
When you started your job, what did you have to get used to doing?
What are you used to doing now that you didn't think you would ever get used t
My blog has changed! If you're looking for my English-practice exercises, they're all still here, just look in the archives.
Catherine: blogging about learning, language, culture, France and more...